Stressed at Work? Here's What It May Do to Your Heart
Chronic stress can hurt your heart, so here are tips for reducing work-related stress.
It should come as no surprise that being stressed can be hard on your heart. Stress increases inflammation in your body and may contribute to known heart risk factors such as high blood pressure. It can also cause you to make less-than-healthy choices, such as overeating, drinking too much alcohol, smoking or using drugs. And it may make you less likely to eat healthy foods, exercise, sleep well or maintain a healthy weight. All of these effects increase your risk of heart disease.
Although many aspects of your life can be stressful, one area where you may feel you can't escape stress is at work. But over time, work stress can damage your heart, especially if you're a woman. One study published in the Journal of the American Heart Association showed that women experiencing job and social strain had a 21 percent higher risk of developing heart disease.
So what are you supposed to do if work causes you stress?
One option is to leave your stressful job, but that's not usually the best option for most people. These strategies help you de-stress during the work day so your job doesn't take a toll on your heart health—or your overall mental and physical health:
- Learn to say no. You may feel like you always have to say yes at work to show your worth, but it's helpful to know your limits and to say no when you're feeling overextended and stressed out. You'll not only feel less stressed, but you'll be more productive.
- Plan ahead. Planning out your day and staying organized is one thing completely under your control that can help you reduce stress.
- Create a pre- and post-work routine. Some people arrive at the office already stressed or take work stress home with them. Keep stress to a minimum by creating routines for your commute to and from work that help you relax. Call a friend, listen to a podcast or sing along to your favorite tunes.
- Breathe. Meditation and deep breathing are helpful ways to calm the mind and reduce stress. Even if you have only a few minutes, find a quiet place to close your eyes and take a few deep breaths when stress hits. You'll be back on your game in no time.
- Sit less. Moving more throughout the work day is a great stress reliever and is good for your heart. To combat the harmful effects of sitting too much, use a standing desk with or without a desk treadmill, suggest a walking meeting or start a lunchtime fitness routine with a coworker.
- Fuel up properly. Going for more than a few hours without food can cause your blood sugar levels to drop, which can make you irritable and stressed. Bring healthy snacks from home that will keep you going strong even when you're short on time.
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Date Last Reviewed: December 14, 2022
Editorial Review: Andrea Cohen, Editorial Director, Baldwin Publishing, Inc. Contact Editor
Medical Review: Perry Pitkow, MD