How to Spot a Stroke
If you notice these signs of stroke, here's what you need to do and why you need to act quickly.
When someone has a stroke, recovery can be greatly impacted by how quickly medical treatment is received. That's why it's important to know what the symptoms of stroke look like so you can better determine when someone needs help.
If a person's stroke is due to an obstruction in a vessel supplying blood to the brain (an ischemic stroke), a clot-busting drug (tPA) may improve the chances of recovery if administered quickly enough. Studies show when tPA is given within 1½ hours, up to 20% of patients show significant improvement 90 days later; if within 3 hours, about 10% show improvement.
Recent studies have also shown that after being evaluated at the hospital, some patients may benefit from being transferred to specialized stroke centers for clot retrieval procedures that can increase the chances of symptom improvement. Time is also critical in performing these procedures as soon as possible.
Time is of the essence when it comes to treating a stroke. That's why it's best to remember the word FAST when trying to determine if someone is having a stroke. This acronym helps you identify stroke warning signs:
- F = Facial drooping: Ask the person to smile. Is one side of the face drooping or hard to move?
- A = Arm weakness: Ask the person to raise both arms. Does one arm drift down?
- S = Speech difficulties: Ask the person to repeat a simple phrase. Do you notice slurred speech or trouble forming words?
- T = Time: Time lost is brain lost. If you notice any of the above symptoms, call 911 right away.
Other symptoms of stroke include double or blurred vision, a sudden severe headache with no known cause, sudden numbness on one side of the body, trouble walking, dizziness, loss of balance or coordination, and arm or leg weakness.
If something seems "off" with someone and you suspect it's due to a stroke, call 911 immediately. The sooner a person having a stroke gets to a hospital, the better the odds of recovery. The single most important factor in the successful treatment of stroke is getting treatment as quickly as possible.
If you suspect a stroke, always call 911. Remember, it's important to act FAST.
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Date Last Reviewed: April 13, 2023
Editorial Review: Andrea Cohen, Editorial Director, Baldwin Publishing, Inc. Contact Editor
Medical Review: Perry Pitkow, MD